Carroll Estes, PhD, FAAN

Professor Emerita
Social and Behavioral Sciences
+1 415 476-3236

Carroll L. Estes is Professor Emerita of Sociology at the University of California, San Francisco (UCSF) where she founded and directed the campus-wide Institute for Health & Aging (1979-1998), and chaired the Department of Social and Behavioral Sciences (1981-1992) in the School of Nursing. Dr Estes is a member of the National Academy of Medicine and past President of three national organizations in aging: The Gerontological Society of America (GSA), the American Society on Aging (ASA) and the Association for Gerontology in Higher Education (AGHE). Dr. Estes is past-chair of the Board of Directors of The National Committee to Preserve Social Security and Medicare and its Foundation. Currently she is Board Chair of the Center for Global Policy Solutions. She served as consultant to U. S. Commissioners of Social Security and to U. S. Senate and House Committees on Aging for three decades. In 2014 Estes received the University of California Medal, UCSF’s highest recognition. The League of Women Voters named Estes, “A Woman Who Could Be President” (San Francisco, 1998). The National Organization of Women (NOW) honored her as a “Woman of Action” (2012). Other academic honors include the UCSF Faculty Research Lecturer, The Chancellor’s Award for the Advancement of Women, and both the School of Nursing’s Nahm Research Award and its Doctoral Mentor Award. Estes has received Distinguished Scholar Awards of the American Sociological Association, the Pacific Sociological Association. the American Public Health Association (APHA), the American Society on Aging (ASA), the Gerontological Society (GSA) and AGHE. For her scholarship and public service, she has awards from the National Senior Citizens Law Center, Sociologists for Women in Society, and Gray Panthers. She is honorary fellow of the American Academy of Nursing (FAAN). Her current research is on Social Security and Medicare policy, health reform, long term care, and elder women’s economic and health security. Credited as a founding scholar of the “political economy of aging” and “critical gerontology,” Estes is a writer and public speaker who has authored, co-authored, and co-edited 24 books including: The Aging Enterprise (1979), Social Policy and Aging (2001), Social Theory, Social Policy and Ageing (2003), Social Insurance and Social Justice: The Campaign Against Social Security and Medicare (2009), and Health Policy: Crisis and Reform (2013). Her book, The Long Term Care Crisis, was a 1994 Most Important Book (Choice Magazine). Her latest book is Critical Aging Policy: A to Z (Routledge, 2018). Dr. Estes’ peer reviewed research appears in The Journal of the American Medical Association, The Health Care Financing Review, Health Affairs, Milbank Quarterly, Social Science and Medicine, The American Journal of Public Health, The American Journal of Sociology, The Gerontologist, and other journals. Her edited volumes, The Nation’s Health (with Philip Lee) and Health Policy (with Charlene Harrington), have been adopted in 400 Schools of Medicine and Nursing. Estes received her A.B. from Stanford University, M.A. from Southern Methodist University, Ph.D. from the University of California, San Diego, and an honorary Doctorate of Humane Letters from Russell Sage College. She has been visiting professor at the London School of Economics and the Sorbonne in Paris. Estes has one daughter, Duskie Lynn Estes, a son-in-law, John Stewart, both award winning chefs, and two grand-daughters, Brydie and MacKenzie Estes Stewart.

Publications: 

Local Long-Term Care Ombudsman Program effectiveness and the measurement of program resources.

Journal of applied gerontology : the official journal of the Southern Gerontological Society

Hollister BA, Estes CL

Professionalizing gerontology: why AGHE must accredit gerontology programs.

Gerontology & geriatrics education

Pelham A, Schafer D, Abbott P, Estes C

Factors associated with perceived effectiveness of local long-term care ombudsman programs in New York and California.

Journal of aging and health

Estes CL, Lohrer SP, Goldberg S, Grossman BR, Nelson M, Koren MJ, Hollister B

Integrated specialty mental health care among older minorities improves access but not outcomes: results of the PRISMe study.

International journal of geriatric psychiatry

Areán PA, Ayalon L, Jin C, McCulloch CE, Linkins K, Chen H, McDonnell-Herr B, Levkoff S, Estes C

Retracted: Integrated specialty mental health care among older minorities improves access but not outcomes: results of the PRISMe study.

International journal of geriatric psychiatry

Areán PA, Ayalon L, Jin C, McCulloch CE, Linkins K, Chen H, McDonnell-Herr B, Levkoff S, Estes C

PACE: has it changed the chronic care paradigm?

Social work in public health

Lynch M, Hernandez M, Estes C

Integration of mental health services into primary care overcomes ethnic disparities in access to mental health services between black and white elderly.

The American journal of geriatric psychiatry : official journal of the American Association for Geriatric Psychiatry

Ayalon L, Areán PA, Linkins K, Lynch M, Estes CL

Social security politics: ideology and reform.

The journals of gerontology. Series B, Psychological sciences and social sciences

Svihula J, Estes CL

Implications of welfare reform on the elderly: a case study of provider, advocate, and consumer perspectives.

Journal of aging & social policy

Estes CL, Goldberg S, Wellin C, Linkins KW, Shostak S, Beard RL

State long term care ombudsman programs: factors associated with perceived effectiveness.

The Gerontologist

Estes CL, Zulman DM, Goldberg SC, Ogawa DD

Recruitment and retention of older minorities in mental health services research.

The Gerontologist

Areán PA, Alvidrez J, Nery R, Estes C, Linkins K

The globalization of capital, the welfare state, and old age policy.

International journal of health services : planning, administration, evaluation

Estes CL, Phillipson C

What happened to long-term care in the health reform debate of 1993-1994? Lessons for the future.

The Milbank quarterly

Wiener JM, Estes CL, Goldenson SM, Goldberg SC

Is German long-term care insurance a model for the United States?

International journal of health services : planning, administration, evaluation

Schunk MV, Estes CL

Adding aging and gender to the women's health agenda.

Journal of women & aging

Weitz T, Estes CL

The effects of an intervention campaign to enhance seat belt use on campus.

Journal of American college health : J of ACH

Clark MJ, Schmitz S, Conrad A, Estes C, Healy MM, Hiltibidal J

The impact of a decade of policy on home health care utilization.

Home health care services quarterly

Torrez DJ, Estes C, Linkens K

Devolution and aging policy: racing to the bottom in long-term care.

International journal of health services : planning, administration, evaluation

Estes CL, Linkins KW

From health services to medical markets: the commodity transformation of medical production and the nonprofit sector.

International journal of health services : planning, administration, evaluation

Imershein AW, Estes CL

Nursing home waits for admission in an era of change.

Journal of health & social policy

Swan JH, Estes CL, Harrington C

Adult day care: a fragmented system of policy and funding streams.

Journal of aging & social policy

Bradsher JE, Estes CL, Stuart MH

Paying for long-term care.

The Western journal of medicine

Estes CL, Bodenheimer T

The gerontological imagination: social influences on the development of gerontology, 1945-present.

International journal of aging & human development

Estes CL, Binney EA, Culbertson RA

Running as fast as they can: organizational changes in home health care.

Home health care services quarterly

Estes CL, Swan JH, Bergthold LA, Spohn PH

Older women in the post-Reagan era.

International journal of health services : planning, administration, evaluation

Arendell T, Estes CL

Changes in aged populations served by home health agencies.

Journal of aging and health

Swan JH, Estes CL

Medicare DRGs and post-hospital care for the elderly: does out of the hospital mean out of luck?

Journal of applied gerontology : the official journal of the Southern Gerontological Society

Goldberg SC, Estes CL

Public light and private dark: the privatization of home health services for the elderly in the U.S.

Home health care services quarterly

Bergthold LA, Estes CL, Villanueva A

Medicalization, public policy and the elderly: social services in jeopardy?

Social science & medicine (1982)

Binney EA, Estes CL, Ingman SR

The biomedicalization of aging: dangers and dilemmas.

The Gerontologist

Estes CL, Binney EA

Federal funding for aging education and research: a decade analysis.

The Gerontologist

Kerin PB, Estes CL, Douglass EB

Geriatric services: community mental health center boon or bane?

Community mental health journal

Swan JH, Fox PJ, Estes CL

"Medicalization" of community services for the elderly.

Health & social work

Wood JB, Estes CL

Cost containment and the elderly: conflict or challenge?

Journal of the American Geriatrics Society

Estes CL

Toward a transformation of health and aging policy.

International journal of health services : planning, administration, evaluation

Estes CL, Binney EA

Cost containment and the elderly: conflict or challenge?

Journal of the American Geriatrics Society

Estes CL

The retreat of the state and its transfer of responsibility: the intergenerational war.

International journal of health services : planning, administration, evaluation

Binney EA, Estes CL

From cottages to condos: the expansion of the home health care industry under Medicare.

Home health care services quarterly

Spohn PH, Bergthold L, Estes CL

Trends in CMHC services to elderly populations.

Hospital & community psychiatry

Fox PJ, Swan JH, Estes CL

Health care cost containment and nonprofit homemaker/chore agencies.

Caring : National Association for Home Care magazine

Wood JB, Estes CL

Effects of state Medicaid policies on the aged.

The Gerontologist

Harrington C, Estes CL, Lee PR, Newcomer RJ

The policy implications of caring for older women.

Business and health

Estes CL, Gerard L, Stone R

Community mental health services and the elderly: retrenchment or expansion?

Community mental health journal

Swan JH, Fox PJ, Estes CL

The aging enterprise: in whose interests?

International journal of health services : planning, administration, evaluation

Estes CL

Community health centers and the elderly: a potential new alliance.

Journal of community health

Wood JB, Hughes RG, Estes CL

Long-term care and public policy in an era of austerity.

Journal of public health policy

Estes CL

The United States; long-term and Federal policy.

Home health care services quarterly

Estes CL

Home health care under the policies of new federalism.

Caring : National Association for Home Care magazine

Wood JB, Estes CL

Women and the economics of aging.

International journal of health services : planning, administration, evaluation

Estes CL, Gerard L, Clarke A

Health of the elderly: policy issues and challenges.

Health affairs (Project Hope)

Rice DP, Estes CL

Social security: the social construction of a crisis.

The Milbank Memorial Fund quarterly. Health and society

Estes CL

Needs and planning for manpower within a health region: concepts, problems, and progress.

Israel journal of medical sciences

Lee PR, Leroy L, Estes CL

Austerity and aging in the United States: 1980 and beyond.

International journal of health services : planning, administration, evaluation

Estes CL

Policy shifts and their impact on health care for elderly persons.

The Western journal of medicine

Estes CL, Lee PR

Elders and children: patterns of public policy in the fifty states.

Journal of gerontology

Benjamin AE, Estes CL, Swan JH, Newcomer RJ

Public policies, the aged, and long-term care.

The Journal of long term care administration

Lee PR, Estes CL