Susan Kegeles, PhD

PROF IN RES-HCOMP
Medicine
+1 415 476-6224

Susan M. Kegeles, PhD is Professor of Medicine at the UCSF School of Medicine, in the Division of Prevention Science, and Co-Director of the Center for Prevention Studies (CAPS). She has an established research career conducting community-based research and has considerable experience designing and implementing HIV prevention interventions for diverse groups, including young and all-aged MSM, transgender women, and injection drug users. The majority of her research focuses on MSM, particularly young MSM, and young Black and Latino MSM. In particular, she developed an efficacious multi-level HIV prevention intervention that works at the level of the community and addresses individual, interpersonal, social, and structural issues related to HIV prevention. The intervention is called the Mpowerment Project (MP). The intervention’s efficacy was established through two randomized, controlled trials. The MP has been disseminated and implemented by over 175 community-based organizations in the US, as well as internationally in South Africa, Peru, Mexico, Guatemala, Canada, the Netherlands, and Hong Kong. She is now conducting research on mobilizing young MSM communities to influence MSM’s engagement in the HIV continuum of care and prevention in the U.S. South, South Africa and Peru. She has also been conducting implementation research on the MP and she and her team developed and are testing the efficacy of an intervention for community-based organizations to use in implementing the MP. Her focus on implementation science is also manifest through her work in capacity-building for organizations around the US. She is focused on disparities reduction through her work with young black MSM concerning adapting the MP so that it is culturally sensitive and with her focus on working with Black churches. Finally, she is the Director of CAPS’ postdoctoral training program (TAPS, Traineeship in AIDS Prevention Studies), and does considerable mentoring with TAPS fellows and with early career scientists. She has been directing TAPS and co-directing CAPS since 2000, and working on HIV prevention since 1984.

Publications: 

This is who we are: building community for HIV prevention with young gay and bisexual men in Beirut, Lebanon.

Culture, health & sexuality

Mutchler MG, McDavitt BW, Tran TN, Khoury CE, Ballan E, Tohme J, Kegeles SM, Wagner G

HIV Risk and Multiple Sources of Heterosexism Among Young Black Men Who Have Sex With Men.

Journal of consulting and clinical psychology

Vincent W, Pollack LM, Huebner DM, Peterson JL, Steward WT, Rebchook GM, Storholm ED, Kegeles SM

Spirituality/religiosity, substance use, and HIV testing among young black men who have sex with men.

Drug and alcohol dependence

Carrico AW, Storholm ED, Flentje A, Arnold EA, Pollack LM, Neilands TB, Rebchook GM, Peterson JL, Eke A, Johnson W, Kegeles SM

Learning to Live With HIV in the Rural Townships: A Photovoice Study of Men Who Have Sex With Men Living With HIV in Mpumalanga, South Africa.

The Journal of the Association of Nurses in AIDS Care : JANAC

Daniels J, Maleke K, Lane T, Struthers H, McIntyre J, Kegeles S, Moore A, Coates T

An Evaluation of Mpowerment on Individual-Level HIV Risk Behavior, Testing, and Psychosocial Factors Among Young MSM of Color: The Monitoring and Evaluation of MP (MEM) Project.

AIDS education and prevention : official publication of the International Society for AIDS Education

Shelley G, Williams W, Uhl G, Hoyte T, Eke A, Wright C, Rebchook G, Pollack L, Bell K, Wang Y, Cheng Q, Kegeles SM

The Role of the Primary Romantic Relationship in HIV Care Engagement Outcomes Among Young HIV-Positive Black Men Who Have Sex with Men.

AIDS and behavior

Tan JY, Pollack L, Rebchook G, Peterson J, Huebner D, Eke A, Johnson W, Kegeles S

The Development of a Counseling-Based HIV Prevention Intervention for African American Men Who Have Sex With Men and Women: The Bruthas Project.

AIDS education and prevention : official publication of the International Society for AIDS Education

Arnold EA, Operario D, Cornwell S, Benjamin M, Smith CD, Lockett G, Kegeles SM

Facilitators and barriers to effective scale-up of an evidence-based multilevel HIV prevention intervention.

Implementation science : IS

Kegeles SM, Rebchook G, Tebbetts S, Arnold E

The Mpumalanga Men's Study (MPMS): results of a baseline biological and behavioral HIV surveillance survey in two MSM communities in South Africa.

PloS one

Lane T, Osmand T, Marr A, Shade SB, Dunkle K, Sandfort T, Struthers H, Kegeles S, McIntyre JA

Peer social support is associated with recent HIV testing among young black men who have sex with men.

AIDS and behavior

Scott HM, Pollack L, Rebchook GM, Huebner DM, Peterson J, Kegeles SM

Internalized stigma, social distance, and disclosure of HIV seropositivity in rural Uganda.

Annals of behavioral medicine : a publication of the Society of Behavioral Medicine

Tsai AC, Bangsberg DR, Kegeles SM, Katz IT, Haberer JE, Muzoora C, Kumbakumba E, Hunt PW, Martin JN, Weiser SD

Social oppression, psychological vulnerability, and unprotected intercourse among young Black men who have sex with men.

Health psychology : official journal of the Division of Health Psychology, American Psychological Association

Huebner DM, Kegeles SM, Rebchook GM, Peterson JL, Neilands TB, Johnson WD, Eke AN

An intervention to help community-based organizations implement an evidence-based HIV prevention intervention: the Mpowerment Project technology exchange system.

American journal of community psychology

Kegeles SM, Rebchook G, Pollack L, Huebner D, Tebbetts S, Hamiga J, Sweeney D, Zovod B

"We're going to have to cut loose some of our personal beliefs": barriers and opportunities in providing HIV prevention to African American men who have sex with men and women.

AIDS education and prevention : official publication of the International Society for AIDS Education

Saleh LD, Operario D, Smith CD, Arnold E, Kegeles S

Sorting through chickens and eggs: a longitudinal examination of the associations between attitudes, norms, and sexual risk behavior.

Health psychology : official journal of the Division of Health Psychology, American Psychological Association

Huebner DM, Neilands TB, Rebchook GM, Kegeles SM

Effectiveness of HIV prevention social marketing with injecting drug users.

American journal of public health

Gibson DR, Zhang G, Cassady D, Pappas L, Mitchell J, Kegeles SM

The Bruthas Project: evaluation of a community-based HIV prevention intervention for African American men who have sex with men and women.

AIDS education and prevention : official publication of the International Society for AIDS Education

Operario D, Smith CD, Arnold E, Kegeles S

Food insecurity among homeless and marginally housed individuals living with HIV/AIDS in San Francisco.

AIDS and behavior

Weiser SD, Bangsberg DR, Kegeles S, Ragland K, Kushel MB, Frongillo EA

Social and psychological context for HIV risk in non-gay-identified African American men who have sex with men.

AIDS education and prevention : official publication of the International Society for AIDS Education

Operario D, Smith CD, Kegeles S

New populations at high risk of HIV/STIs in low-income, urban coastal Peru.

AIDS and behavior

Cáceres CF, Konda KA, Salazar X, Leon SR, Klausner JD, Lescano AG, Maiorana A, Kegeles S, Jones FR, Coates TJ

Prevalence of same-sex sexual behavior and associated characteristics among low-income urban males in Peru.

PloS one

Clark JL, Caceres CF, Lescano AG, Konda KA, Leon SR, Jones FR, Kegeles SM, Klausner JD, Coates TJ

Innovative approaches to cohort retention in a community-based HIV/STI prevention trial for socially marginalized Peruvian young adults.

Clinical trials (London, England)

Villacorta V, Kegeles S, Galea J, Konda KA, Cuba JP, Palacios CF, Coates TJ

Methodological overview of a five-country community level HIV/STD prevention trial

AIDS

The NIMH Collaborative HIV/STD Prevention Trial Group (Kegeles SM, Director of Intervention Team in Peru site)

Selection of populations represented in the NIMH collaborative HIV/STD prevention trial

AIDS

The NIMH Collaborative HIV/STD Prevention Trial Group (Kegeles, SM, Director of Intervention Team in Peru site)

Challenges and process of selecting outcome measures for the NIMH Collaborative HIV/STD Prevention Trial

AIDS

The NIMH Collaborative HIV/STD Prevention Trial Group (Kegeles, SM, Director of Intervention Team in Peru site)

Design and integration of ethnography within an International HIV/STD behavior change prevention trial

AIDS

The NIMH Collaborative HIV/STD Prevention Trial Group (Kegeles, SM, Director of Intervention Team in Peru project site)

The feasibility of audio computer-assisted self-interviewing in international settings

AIDS

The NIMH Collaborative HIV/STD Prevention Trial Group (Kegeles, SM, Director of Intervention Team in Peru site)

The community popular opinion leader HIV prevention program: Conceptual basis and intervention procedures

AIDS

The NIMH Collaborative HIV/STD Prevention Trial Group (Kegeles, SM, Director of Intervention Team in Peru site)

Ethical issues in the NIMH Collaborative HIV/STD Prevention Trial

AIDS

The NIMH Collaborative HIV/STD Prevention Trial Group (Kegeles, SM, Director of Intervention Team in Peru site)

Sexually transmitted disease and HIV prevalence and risk factors in concentrated and generalized HIV epidemic settings

AIDS

The NIMH Collaborative HIV/STD Prevention Trial Group (Kegeles, SM, Director of Intervention Team in Peru site)

Formative study conducted in five countries to adapt the community popular opinion leader intervention

AIDS

The NIMH Collaborative HIV/STD Prevention Trial Group (Kegeles, SM, Director of Intervention Team in Peru site)

Role of data safety and monitoring board in an international trial

AIDS

The NIMH Collaborative HIV/STD Prevention Trial Group (Kegeles, SM, Director of Intervention Team in Peru site)

Implementation and evaluation of an HIV/STD intervention in Peru.

Evaluation and program planning

Maiorana A, Kegeles S, Fernandez P, Salazar X, Cáceres C, Sandoval C, Rosasco AM, Coates T

How should HIV vaccine efficacy trials be conducted? Diverse U.S. communities speak out.

AIDS education and prevention : official publication of the International Society for AIDS Education

Kegeles SM, Johnson MO, Strauss RP, Ralston B, Hays RB, Metzger DS, McLellan-Lemal E, MacQueen KM

[Influence of socio-cultural context on risk perception and negotiation of protection among poor homosexual males on the Peruvian coast].

Cadernos de sau´de pu´blica

Salazar X, Cáceres C, Maiorana A, Rosasco AM, Kegeles S, Coates T

Translating research into practice: the dissemination and initial implementation of an evidence-based HIV prevention program.

AIDS education and prevention : official publication of the International Society for AIDS Education

Rebchook GM, Kegeles SM, Huebner D

Challenges and facilitators to building program evaluation capacity among community-based organizations.

AIDS education and prevention : official publication of the International Society for AIDS Education

Kegeles SM, Rebchook GM

Vulnerability and sexual risks: Vagos and vaguitas in a low income town in Perú.

Culture, health & sexuality

Salazar X, Cáceres C, Rosasco A, Kegeles S, Maiorana A, Gárate M, Coates T

A longitudinal study of the association between treatment optimism and sexual risk behavior in young adult gay and bisexual men.

Journal of acquired immune deficiency syndromes (1999)

Huebner DM, Rebchook GM, Kegeles SM

Experiences of harassment, discrimination, and physical violence among young gay and bisexual men.

American journal of public health

Huebner DM, Rebchook GM, Kegeles SM

The Mpowerment Project: community-building with young gay and bisexual men to prevent HIV1.

American journal of community psychology

Hays RB, Rebchook GM, Kegeles SM

Secondary syringe exchange among injection drug users.

Journal of urban health : bulletin of the New York Academy of Medicine

Snead J, Downing M, Lorvick J, Garcia B, Thawley R, Kegeles S, Edlin BR

Unprotected sex and associated risk factors among young Asian and Pacific Islander men who have sex with men.

AIDS education and prevention : official publication of the International Society for AIDS Education

Choi KH, Han CS, Hudes ES, Kegeles S

The role of community advisory boards: involving communities in the informed consent process.

American journal of public health

Strauss RP, Sengupta S, Quinn SC, Goeppinger J, Spaulding C, Kegeles SM, Millett G

What is community? An evidence-based definition for participatory public health.

American journal of public health

MacQueen KM, McLellan E, Metzger DS, Kegeles S, Strauss RP, Scotti R, Blanchard L, Trotter RT

Cost-effectiveness of the Mpowerment Project, a community-level intervention for young gay men.

Journal of acquired immune deficiency syndromes (1999)

Kahn JG, Kegeles SM, Hays R, Beltzer N

Willingness to volunteer in future preventive HIV vaccine trials: issues and perspectives from three U.S. communities.

Journal of acquired immune deficiency syndromes (1999)

Strauss RP, Sengupta S, Kegeles S, McLellan E, Metzger D, Eyre S, Khanani F, Emrick CB, MacQueen KM

Delineating differences: Sub-communities in the San Francisco gay community

Culture, Health and Society

Peacock B, Eyre SL, Quinn SK, Kegeles SM

From science to application: the development of an intervention package.

AIDS education and prevention : official publication of the International Society for AIDS Education

Kegeles SM, Rebchook GM, Hays RB, Terry MA, O'Donnell L, Leonard NR, Kelly JA, Neumann MS

The role of technical assistance in the replication of effective HIV interventions.

AIDS education and prevention : official publication of the International Society for AIDS Education

O'Donnell L, Scattergood P, Adler M, Doval AS, Barker M, Kelly JA, Kegeles SM, Rebchook GM, Adams J, Terry MA, Neumann MS

Mobilizing young gay and bisexual men for HIV prevention: a two-community study.

AIDS (London, England)

Kegeles SM, Hays RB, Pollack LM, Coates TJ

Factors related to the willingness of young gay men to participate in preventive HIV vaccine trials.

Journal of acquired immune deficiency syndromes and human retrovirology : official publication of the International Retrovirology Association

Hays RB, Kegeles SM

Childhood sexual abuse and HIV risk-taking behavior among gay and bisexual men

AIDS and behavior

Jinich S, Paul JP, Stall R, Acree M, Kegeles SM, Hoff C, Coates TJ

Unprotected sex and HIV risk taking among young gay men within boyfriend relationships.

AIDS education and prevention : official publication of the International Society for AIDS Education

Hays RB, Kegeles SM, Coates TJ

Looking for men in all the wrong places...: HIV prevention small-group programs do not reach high risk gay men.

AIDS (London, England)

Hoff CC, Kegeles SM, Acree M, Stall R, Paul J, Ekstrand M, Coates TJ

Differences in sexual behavior among HIV discordant and concordant gay men in primary relationships.

Journal of acquired immune deficiency syndromes and human retrovirology : official publication of the International Retrovirology Association

Hoff CC, Stall R, Paul J, Acree M, Daigle D, Phillips K, Kegeles S, Jinich S, Ekstrand M, Coates TJ

Adolescents and the contraceptive pill: the impact of beliefs on intentions and use.

Obstetrics and gynecology

Moore PJ, Adler NE, Kegeles SM

The Mpowerment Project: a community-level HIV prevention intervention for young gay men.

American journal of public health

Kegeles SM, Hays RB, Coates TJ

Decisions to get HIV tested and to accept antiretroviral therapies among gay/bisexual men: implications for secondary prevention efforts.

Journal of acquired immune deficiency syndromes and human retrovirology : official publication of the International Retrovirology Association

Stall R, Hoff C, Coates TJ, Paul J, Phillips KA, Ekstrand M, Kegeles S, Catania J, Daigle D, Diaz R

A family planning intervention to reduce vertical transmission of HIV in Rwanda.

AIDS (London, England)

King R, Estey J, Allen S, Kegeles S, Wolf W, Valentine C, Serufilira A

Predictors of repeat HIV testing among gay and bisexual men.

AIDS (London, England)

Phillips KA, Paul J, Kegeles S, Stall R, Hoff C, Coates TJ

Multiple sexual partners and their psychosocial correlates: the population-based AIDS in multiethnic neighborhoods (AMEN) study.

Health psychology : official journal of the Division of Health Psychology, American Psychological Association

Dolcini MM, Coates TJ, Catania JA, Kegeles SM, Hauck WW

A test of the AIDS risk reduction model: psychosocial correlates of condom use in the AMEN cohort survey.

Health psychology : official journal of the Division of Health Psychology, American Psychological Association

Catania JA, Coates TJ, Kegeles S

Initiation of substance use in early adolescence: the roles of pubertal timing and emotional distress.

Health psychology : official journal of the Division of Health Psychology, American Psychological Association

Tschann JM, Adler NE, Irwin CE, Millstein SG, Turner RA, Kegeles SM

The impact of AIDS on an urban population of high-risk female minority adolescents: implications for intervention.

The Journal of adolescent health : official publication of the Society for Adolescent Medicine

Overby KJ, Kegeles SM

Correlates of condom use among black, Hispanic, and white heterosexuals in San Francisco: the AMEN longitudinal survey. AIDS in Multi-Ethnic Neighborhoods survey.

AIDS education and prevention : official publication of the International Society for AIDS Education

Catania JA, Coates TJ, Golden E, Dolcini MM, Peterson J, Kegeles S, Siegel D, Fullilove MT

Acculturation and gender differences in sexual attitudes and behaviors:Hispanic vs non-Hispanic white unmarried adults.

American journal of public health

Marín BV, Tschann JM, Gómez CA, Kegeles SM

Psychosocial predictors of needle sharing among intravenous drug users.

The International journal of the addictions

Gibson DR, Choi KH, Catania JA, Sorensen JL, Kegeles S

Pregnancy and contraception use among urban Rwandan women after HIV testing and counseling.

American journal of public health

Allen S, Serufilira A, Gruber V, Kegeles S, Van de Perre P, Carael M, Coates TJ

Safer sex among gay men: what is the ultimate goal?

AIDS (London, England)

Ekstrand M, Stall R, Kegeles S, Hays R, DeMayo M, Coates T

Factors associated with condom use in a high-risk heterosexual population.

Sexually transmitted diseases

Weinstock HS, Lindan C, Bolan G, Kegeles SM, Hearst N

Risk for AIDS in multiethnic neighborhoods in San Francisco, California. The population-based AMEN Study.

The Western journal of medicine

Fullilove MT, Wiley J, Fullilove RE, Golden E, Catania J, Peterson J, Garrett K, Siegel D, Marin B, Kegeles S

Health-risk behaviors and health concerns among young adolescents.

Pediatrics

Millstein SG, Irwin CE, Adler NE, Cohn LD, Kegeles SM, Dolcini MM

Condom use in multi-ethnic neighborhoods of San Francisco: the population-based AMEN (AIDS in Multi-Ethnic Neighborhoods) Study.

American journal of public health

Catania JA, Coates TJ, Kegeles S, Fullilove MT, Peterson J, Marin B, Siegel D, Hulley S

Changes in condom use among homosexual men in San Francisco.

Health psychology : official journal of the Division of Health Psychology, American Psychological Association

Catania JA, Coates TJ, Stall R, Bye L, Kegeles SM, Capell F, Henne J, McKusick L, Morin S, Turner H

AIDS risk and prevention among adolescents.

Social science & medicine (1982)

Boyer CB, Kegeles SM

The utility of multiple strategies for understanding complex behaviors.

American journal of public health

Adler NE, Kegeles SM, Irwin CE

High HIV risk-taking among young gay men.

AIDS (London, England)

Hays RB, Kegeles SM, Coates TJ

Many people who seek anonymous HIV-antibody testing would avoid it under other circumstances.

AIDS (London, England)

Kegeles SM, Catania JA, Coates TJ, Pollack LM, Lo B

Adolescent contraceptive behavior: an assessment of decision processes.

The Journal of pediatrics

Adler NE, Kegeles SM, Irwin CE, Wibbelsman C

Psychosocial predictors of people who fail to return for their HIV test results.

AIDS (London, England)

Catania JA, Kegeles SM, Coates TJ

Towards an understanding of risk behavior: an AIDS risk reduction model (ARRM).

Health education quarterly

Catania JA, Kegeles SM, Coates TJ

Adolescents and condoms. Associations of beliefs with intentions to use.

American journal of diseases of children (1960)

Kegeles SM, Adler NE, Irwin CE

Older Americans and AIDS: transmission risks and primary prevention research needs.

The Gerontologist

Catania JA, Turner H, Kegeles SM, Stall R, Pollack L, Coates TJ

Mandatory reporting of HIV testing would deter men from being tested.

JAMA

Kegeles SM, Coates TJ, Lo B, Catania JA

Perceptions of AIDS: the continuing saga of AIDS-related stigma.

AIDS (London, England)

Kegeles SM, Coates TJ, Christopher TA, Lazarus JL

Adolescent egocentrism and feelings of invulnerability: Are they related?

Journal of Early Adolescence

Dolcini MM, Cohn LD, Adler NE, Millstein SG, Irwin CE, Jr., Kegeles SM, Stone G

AIDS antibody testing. Will it stop the AIDS epidemic? Will it help people infected with HIV?

The American psychologist

Coates TJ, Stall RD, Kegeles SM, Lo B, Morin SF, McKusick L

Sexually active adolescents and condoms: changes over one year in knowledge, attitudes and use.

American journal of public health

Kegeles SM, Adler NE, Irwin CE

Behavioral factors in the spread of HIV infection.

AIDS (London, England)

Coates TJ, Stall RD, Catania JA, Kegeles SM

A comparison of two measures of egocentrism.

Journal of personality assessment

Cohn LD, Millstein SG, Irwin CE, Adler NE, Kegeles SM, Dolcini P, Stone G

Body-figure preferences in male and female adolescents.

Journal of abnormal psychology

Cohn LD, Adler NE, Irwin CE, Millstein SG, Kegeles SM, Stone G

The transition to sexual activity and its relationship to other risk behaviors

Journal of Adolescent Health Care

Kegeles SM, Millstein SG, Adler NE, Irwin CE, Jr., Cohn L, Dolcini P, Pollack L, Stone G

Contraceptive decision-making in adolescence: Test of a rational model

Adolescent Health Care

Adler NE, Irwin CE & Kegeles SM

A course for senior medical students in the responsibilities of medical practice.

Journal of medical education

Kegeles SM, Jonsen AR, Jameton A