Linda Franck, RN, PhD, FAAN

Professor
Family Health Care Nursing
+1 415 476-4433

My program of research focuses on health care for acutely and chronically ill infants and children, in primary, secondary and tertiary care settings, with a particular emphasis on pain assessment and management. My most recent research focuses on innovative strategies to improve family-centered care and enhance the partnership between parents and health care providers to ensure children receive optimal health care before, during and after hospitalization.

Publications: 

Neonatologists can impede or support parents' participation in decision-making during medical rounds in neonatal intensive care units.

Acta paediatrica (Oslo, Norway : 1992)

Axelin A, Outinen J, Lainema K, Lehtonen L, Franck LS

Health care experiences of pregnant, birthing and postnatal women of color at risk for preterm birth.

Social science & medicine (1982)

McLemore MR, Altman MR, Cooper N, Williams S, Rand L, Franck L

Online information for parents caring for their premature baby at home: A focus group study and systematic web search.

Health expectations : an international journal of public participation in health care and health policy

Alderdice F, Gargan P, McCall E, Franck L

A Novel Method for Involving Women of Color at High Risk for Preterm Birth in Research Priority Setting.

Journal of visualized experiments : JoVE

Franck LS, McLemore MR, Cooper N, De Castro B, Gordon AY, Williams S, Williams S, Rand L

Know-do-itis and no-do encephalopathy.

BMJ (Clinical research ed.)

Franck LS

Preterm birth: the role of knowledge transfer and exchange.

Health research policy and systems

Horvath H, Brindis CD, Reyes EM, Yamey G, Franck L

The influence of family accommodation on pediatric hospital experience in Canada.

BMC health services research

Franck LS, Ferguson D, Fryda S, Rubin N

Parents' Perspectives on Navigating the Work of Speaking Up in the NICU.

Journal of obstetric, gynecologic, and neonatal nursing : JOGNN

Lyndon A, Wisner K, Holschuh C, Fagan KM, Franck LS

The Perinatal-Neonatal Care Journey for Parents of Preterm Infants: What Is Working and What Can Be Improved.

The Journal of perinatal & neonatal nursing

Franck LS, McNulty A, Alderdice F

Withdrawal Assessment Tool-1 Monitoring in PICU: A Multicenter Study on Iatrogenic Withdrawal Syndrome.

Pediatric critical care medicine : a journal of the Society of Critical Care Medicine and the World Federation of Pediatric Intensive and Critical Care Societies

Amigoni A, Mondardini MC, Vittadello I, Zaglia F, Rossetti E, Vitale F, Ferrario S, Savron F, Coffaro G, Brugnaro L, Amato R, Wolfler A, Franck LS

The Little Schmidy Pediatric Hospital Fall Risk Assessment Index: A diagnostic accuracy study.

International journal of nursing studies

Franck LS, Gay CL, Cooper B, Ezrre S, Murphy B, Chan JS, Buick M, Meer CR

Guidelines for Family-Centered Care in the Neonatal, Pediatric, and Adult ICU.

Critical care medicine

Davidson JE, Aslakson RA, Long AC, Puntillo KA, Kross EK, Hart J, Cox CE, Wunsch H, Wickline MA, Nunnally ME, Netzer G, Kentish-Barnes N, Sprung CL, Hartog CS, Coombs M, Gerritsen RT, Hopkins RO, Franck LS, Skrobik Y, Kon AA, Scruth EA, Harvey MA, Lewis-Newby M, White DB, Swoboda SM, Cooke CR, Levy MM, Azoulay E, Curtis JR

Implementing the SCCM Family-Centered Care Guidelines in Critical Care Nursing Practice.

AACN advanced critical care

Coombs M, Puntillo KA, Franck LS, Scruth EA, Harvey MA, Swoboda SM, Davidson JE

Seizures and Antiseizure Medications are Important to Parents of Newborns With Seizures.

Pediatric neurology

Hill E, Glass HC, Kelley K, Barnes M, Rau S, Franck LS, Shellhaas RA

The Experiences of Professionals Regarding Involvement of Parents in Neonatal Pain Management.

Journal of obstetric, gynecologic, and neonatal nursing : JOGNN

Marfurt-Russenberger K, Axelin A, Kesselring A, Franck LS, Cignacco E

Survival and Major Morbidity of Extremely Preterm Infants: A Population-Based Study.

Pediatrics

Anderson JG, Baer RJ, Partridge JC, Kuppermann M, Franck LS, Rand L, Jelliffe-Pawlowski LL, Rogers EE

Prevalence and Predictors of Prehospital Pain Assessment and Analgesic Use in Military Trauma Patients, 2010-2013.

Prehospital emergency care : official journal of the National Association of EMS Physicians and the National Association of State EMS Directors

Blackman VS, Cooper BA, Puntillo K, Franck LS

Beyond the drugs: nonpharmacologic strategies to optimize procedural care in children.

Current opinion in anaesthesiology

Leroy PL, Costa LR, Emmanouil D, van Beukering A, Franck LS

Patterns of Sedation Weaning in Critically Ill Children Recovering From Acute Respiratory Failure.

Pediatric critical care medicine : a journal of the Society of Critical Care Medicine and the World Federation of Pediatric Intensive and Critical Care Societies

Best KM, Asaro LA, Franck LS, Wypij D, Curley MA

Parent education discharge instruction program for care of children at home after cardiac surgery in Southern India.

Cardiology in the young

Staveski SL, Parveen VP, Madathil SB, Kools S, Franck LS

Nurse and parent perceptions associated with the Parent Education Discharge Instruction Programme in southern India.

Cardiology in the young

Staveski SL, Parveen VP, Madathil SB, Kools S, Franck LS

Neonatal Intensive Care Nurses' Perceptions of Parental Participation in Infant Pain Management: A Comparative Focus Group Study.

The Journal of perinatal & neonatal nursing

Axelin A, Anderzén-Carlsson A, Eriksson M, Pölkki T, Korhonen A, Franck LS

A debate on the proposition that self-report is the gold standard in assessment of pediatric pain intensity.

The Clinical journal of pain

Twycross A, Voepel-Lewis T, Vincent C, Franck LS, von Baeyer CL

Publicly available online educational videos regarding pediatric needle pain: a scoping review.

The Clinical journal of pain

Farkas C, Solodiuk L, Taddio A, Franck L, Berberich FR, LoChiatto J, Solodiuk JC

The Child and Family Hospital Experience: Is It Influenced by Family Accommodation?

Medical care research and review : MCRR

Franck LS, Ferguson D, Fryda S, Rubin N

Usability and knowledge testing of educational tools about infant vaccination pain management directed to postnatal nurses.

BMC medical education

Taddio A, Shah V, Wang J, Parikh C, Smart S, Ipp M, Riddell RP, Franck LS

Protocolized sedation vs usual care in pediatric patients mechanically ventilated for acute respiratory failure: a randomized clinical trial.

JAMA

Curley MA, Wypij D, Watson RS, Grant MJ, Asaro LA, Cheifetz IM, Dodson BL, Franck LS, Gedeit RG, Angus DC, Matthay MA

Pediatric cardiac surgery Parent Education Discharge Instruction (PEDI) program: a pilot study.

World journal for pediatric & congenital heart surgery

Staveski SL, Zhelva B, Paul R, Conway R, Carlson A, Soma G, Kools S, Franck LS

Parent participation in a childhood immunization pain reduction method.

Clinical pediatrics

Franck LS, Berberich FR, Taddio A

Predictors of parent post-traumatic stress symptoms after child hospitalization on general pediatric wards: a prospective cohort study.

International journal of nursing studies

Franck LS, Wray J, Gay C, Dearmun AK, Lee K, Cooper BA

Parents' perspectives on safety in neonatal intensive care: a mixed-methods study.

BMJ quality & safety

Lyndon A, Jacobson CH, Fagan KM, Wisner K, Franck LS

Parents' attitudes toward the use of complementary therapy by their children with moderate or severe cerebral palsy.

Journal of alternative and complementary medicine (New York, N.Y.)

Wray J, Edwards V, Wyatt K, Maddick A, Logan S, Franck L

Accommodating families during a child's hospital stay: implications for family experience and perceptions of outcomes.

Families, systems & health : the journal of collaborative family healthcare

Franck LS, Gay CL, Rubin N

Sleep-wake cycling in a neonate admitted to the NICU: a video-EEG case study during hypothermia treatment.

The Journal of perinatal & neonatal nursing

Axelin A, Cilio MR, Asunis M, Peloquin S, Franck LS

Where do parents sleep best when children are hospitalized? A pilot comparison study.

Behavioral sleep medicine

Franck L, Wray J, Gay C, Dearmun AK, Alsberge I, Lee KA

Exploring the nature of interprofessional collaboration and family member involvement in an intensive care context.

Journal of interprofessional care

Paradis E, Reeves S, Leslie M, Aboumatar H, Chesluk B, Clark P, Courtenay M, Franck L, Lamb G, Lyndon A, Mesman J, Puntillo K, Schmitt M, van Soeren M, Wachter B, Zwarenstein M, Gropper M, Kitto S

Child health care is a special issue: key developments in child health nursing research.

International journal of nursing studies

Franck LS, Salanterä S

Differences in parents', nurses' and physicians' views of NICU parent support.

Acta paediatrica (Oslo, Norway : 1992)

Franck LS, Axelin A

Lack of uniformity in the clinical assessment of children with lipomyelomeningocele: a review of the literature and recommendations for the future.

Child's nervous system : ChNS : official journal of the International Society for Pediatric Neurosurgery

May L, Hayward R, Chakraborty A, Franck L, Manzotti G, Wray J, Thompson D

Knowledge translation of the HELPinKIDS clinical practice guideline for managing childhood vaccination pain: usability and knowledge uptake of educational materials directed to new parents.

BMC pediatrics

Taddio A, Shah V, Leung E, Wang J, Parikh C, Smart S, Hetherington R, Ipp M, Riddell RP, Sgro M, Jovicic A, Franck L

Pain and behaviour changes in children following surgery.

Archives of disease in childhood

Power NM, Howard RF, Wade AM, Franck LS

Parental involvement in neonatal comfort care.

Journal of obstetric, gynecologic, and neonatal nursing : JOGNN

Skene C, Franck L, Curtis P, Gerrish K

Parental involvement in neonatal pain management: an empirical and conceptual update.

Journal of nursing scholarship : an official publication of Sigma Theta Tau International Honor Society of Nursing

Franck LS, Oulton K, Bruce E

Parental anxiety and stress during children's hospitalisation: the StayClose study.

Journal of child health care : for professionals working with children in the hospital and community

Wray J, Lee K, Dearmun N, Franck L

Parent involvement in pain management for NICU infants: a randomized controlled trial.

Pediatrics

Franck LS, Oulton K, Nderitu S, Lim M, Fang S, Kaiser A

A comparison of pain measures in newborn infants after cardiac surgery.

Pain

Franck LS, Ridout D, Howard R, Peters J, Honour JW

Parental assessment of adolescent quality of life: can it replace self-assessment?

Quality of life research : an international journal of quality of life aspects of treatment, care and rehabilitation

Taylor RM, Grieve A, Gibson F, Dhawan A, Franck LS

The influence of context on pain practices in the NICU: perceptions of health care professionals.

Qualitative health research

Stevens B, Riahi S, Cardoso R, Ballantyne M, Yamada J, Beyene J, Breau L, Camfield C, Finley GA, Franck L, Gibbins S, Howlett A, McGrath PJ, McKeever P, O'Brien K, Ohlsson A

Cranial osteopathy for children with cerebral palsy: a randomised controlled trial.

Archives of disease in childhood

Wyatt K, Edwards V, Franck L, Britten N, Creanor S, Maddick A, Logan S

Family support and family-centered care in the neonatal intensive care unit: origins, advances, impact.

Seminars in perinatology

Gooding JS, Cooper LG, Blaine AI, Franck LS, Howse JL, Berns SD

Feasibility of three electronic instruments in studying the benefits of adaptive seating.

Disability and rehabilitation. Assistive technology

McDonald RL, Wilson GN, Molloy A, Franck LS

Parent stress levels during children's hospital recovery after congenital heart surgery.

Pediatric cardiology

Franck LS, McQuillan A, Wray J, Grocott MP, Goldman A

The stories of young people living with a liver transplant.

Qualitative health research

Taylor RM, Franck LS, Dhawan A, Gibson F

Influence of risk of neurological impairment and procedure invasiveness on health professionals' management of procedural pain in neonates.

European journal of pain (London, England)

Stevens B, McGrath P, Ballantyne M, Yamada J, Dupuis A, Gibbins S, Franck L, Allen Finley G, Howlett A, Johnston C, O'Brien K, Ohlsson A

Putting pain assessment into practice: why is it so painful?

Pain research & management

Franck LS, Bruce E

Indicators of pain in neonates at risk for neurological impairment.

Journal of advanced nursing

Stevens B, McGrath P, Dupuis A, Gibbins S, Beyene J, Breau L, Camfield C, Finley GA, Franck LS, Howlett A, Johnston C, McKeever P, O'Brien K, Ohlsson A, Yamada J

The Withdrawal Assessment Tool-1 (WAT-1): an assessment instrument for monitoring opioid and benzodiazepine withdrawal symptoms in pediatric patients.

Pediatric critical care medicine : a journal of the Society of Critical Care Medicine and the World Federation of Pediatric Intensive and Critical Care Societies

Franck LS, Harris SK, Soetenga DJ, Amling JK, Curley MA

A concept analysis of health-related quality of life in young people with chronic illness.

Journal of clinical nursing

Taylor RM, Gibson F, Franck LS

How well do clinical pain assessment tools reflect pain in infants?

PLoS medicine

Slater R, Cantarella A, Franck L, Meek J, Fitzgerald M

Changes in physiological and behavioural pain indicators over time in preterm and term infants at risk for neurologic impairment.

Early human development

Gibbins S, Stevens B, McGrath P, Dupuis A, Yamada J, Beyene J, Breau L, Camfield C, Finley GA, Franck L, Johnston C, McKeever P, O'Brien K, Ohlsson A

The universe of developmental care: a new conceptual model for application in the neonatal intensive care unit.

Advances in neonatal care : official journal of the National Association of Neonatal Nurses

Gibbins S, Hoath SB, Coughlin M, Gibbins A, Franck L

Here's an idea: ask the users! Young people's views on navigation, design and content of a health information website.

Journal of child health care : for professionals working with children in the hospital and community

Franck LS, Noble G

Parental assessment and management of children's postoperative pain: a randomized clinical trial.

Journal of child health care : for professionals working with children in the hospital and community

Unsworth V, Franck LS, Choonara I

Comparison of pain responses in infants of different gestational ages.

Neonatology

Gibbins S, Stevens B, McGrath PJ, Yamada J, Beyene J, Breau L, Camfield C, Finley A, Franck L, Johnston C, Howlett A, McKeever P, O'Brien K, Ohlsson A

Helping parents to help their child with procedural and everyday pain: practical, evidence-based advice.

Journal for specialists in pediatric nursing : JSPN

Power N, Liossi C, Franck L

Determining the structure of acute pain responses in vulnerable neonates.

The Canadian journal of nursing research = Revue canadienne de recherche en sciences infirmieres

Stevens B, Franck L, Gibbins S, McGrath PJ, Dupuis A, Yamada J, Beyene J, Camfield C, Finley GA, Johnston C, O'Brien K, Ohlsson A

Should NICE evaluate complementary and alternative medicine?

BMJ (Clinical research ed.)

Franck L, Chantler C, Dixon M

Determining behavioural and physiological responses to pain in infants at risk for neurological impairment.

Pain

Stevens B, McGrath P, Gibbins S, Beyene J, Breau L, Camfield C, Finley A, Franck L, Howlett A, Johnston C, McKeever P, O'Brien K, Ohlsson A, Yamada J

Identification of pain indicators for infants at risk for neurological impairment: a Delphi consensus study.

BMC pediatrics

Stevens B, McGrath P, Yamada J, Gibbins S, Beyene J, Breau L, Camfield C, Finley A, Franck L, Howlett A, Johnston C, McKeever P, O'Brien K, Ohlsson A

Chest drain removal pain and its management: a literature review.

Journal of clinical nursing

Bruce EA, Howard RF, Franck LS

Judgments of pain in the neonatal intensive care setting: a survey of direct care staffs' perceptions of pain in infants at risk for neurological impairment.

The Clinical journal of pain

Breau LM, McGrath PJ, Stevens B, Beyene J, Camfield C, Finley GA, Franck L, Gibbins S, Howlett A, McKeever P, O'Brien K, Ohlsson A

Liver transplantation in children: part 1--peri-operative issues.

Journal of child health care : for professionals working with children in the hospital and community

Taylor RM, Franck LS, Gibson F, Dhawan A

Liver transplantation in children: part 2--long-term issues.

Journal of child health care : for professionals working with children in the hospital and community

Taylor RM, Franck LS, Gibson F, Dhawan A

Fracture and non-fracture pain in children with osteogenesis imperfecta.

Acta paediatrica (Oslo, Norway : 1992)

Zack P, Franck L, Devile C, Clark C

Guidelines for midwives by midwives.

RCM midwives : the official journal of the Royal College of Midwives

Cavanagh C, Coppinger C, Franck L

Research with newborn participants: doing the right research and doing it right.

The Journal of perinatal & neonatal nursing

Franck LS

Measuring neonatal intensive care unit-related parental stress.

Journal of advanced nursing

Franck LS, Cox S, Allen A, Winter I

Parents' views about infant pain in neonatal intensive care.

The Clinical journal of pain

Franck LS, Allen A, Cox S, Winter I

A critical review of the health-related quality of life of children and adolescents after liver transplantation.

Liver transplantation : official publication of the American Association for the Study of Liver Diseases and the International Liver Transplantation Society

Taylor R, Franck LS, Gibson F, Dhawan A

Opioid and benzodiazepine withdrawal symptoms in paediatric intensive care patients.

Intensive & critical care nursing

Franck LS, Naughton I, Winter I

Healthcare professionals' perceptions of pain in infants at risk for neurological impairment.

BMC pediatrics

Breau LM, McGrath PJ, Stevens B, Beyene J, Camfield CS, Finley GA, Franck L, Howlett A, O'Brien K, Ohlsson A

The symptom experience of hospitalised Chinese children and adolescents and relationship to pre-hospital factors and behaviour problems.

International journal of nursing studies

Franck LS, Kools S, Kennedy C, Kong SK, Chen JL, Wong TK

Ensuring quality information for patients: development and preliminary validation of a new instrument to improve the quality of written health care information.

Health expectations : an international journal of public participation in health care and health policy

Moult B, Franck LS, Brady H

Exploring issues of parental consent to research: a case-study approach.

British journal of nursing (Mark Allen Publishing)

Peters J, Charles-Edwards I, Franck LS

Psychosocial functioning of hospitalized Chinese adolescents and their families.

Journal of pediatric nursing

Kools S, Kennedy C, Kong SK, Chen JL, Franck L, Wong TK

Research participant information sheets are difficult to read.

Bulletin of medical ethics

Franck L, Winter I

Parents' perceptions of their infant's pain experience in the NICU.

International journal of nursing studies

Gale G, Franck LS, Kools S, Lynch M

Quality assurance for clinical research: challenges in implementing research governance in UK hospitals.

International journal of health care quality assurance incorporating Leadership in health services

Franck LS, Pendleton E, Pittam B, Preece M, Aynsley-Green A

Procedural pain in newborns at risk for neurologic impairment.

Pain

Stevens B, McGrath P, Gibbins S, Beyene J, Breau L, Camfield C, Finley A, Franck L, Howlett A, McKeever P, O'Brien K, Ohlsson A, Yamada J

Culturally appropriate family assessment: analysis of the Family Assessment Device in a pediatric Chinese population.

Journal of nursing measurement

Chen JL, Kennedy C, Kools S, Slaughter RE, Franck L, Kong SK, Wong TK

Computer-taught coping techniques for venepuncture: preliminary findings from usability testing with children, parents and staff.

Journal of child health care : for professionals working with children in the hospital and community

Franck LS, Jones M

Reducing pain during blood sampling in infants.

Clinical evidence

Franck L, Gilbert R

Infant holding policies and practices in neonatal units.

Neonatal network : NN

Franck LS, Bernal H, Gale G

Assessment of sickle cell pain in children and young adults using the adolescent pediatric pain tool.

Journal of pain and symptom management

Franck LS, Treadwell M, Jacob E, Vichinsky E

Using quality improvement strategies to enhance pediatric pain assessment.

International journal for quality in health care : journal of the International Society for Quality in Health Care

Treadwell MJ, Franck LS, Vichinsky E